Asthma in Australia 2008 

Table 7.2
Exposure to passive smoke among children, 2004–2007

Population (study)

Year

Age (years)

Household smoking status

Children with asthma

Children without asthma

Rate (%)

95% CI

Rate (%)

95% CI

Australia (1)

2004–05

0–14

One or more regular smokers usually smoke inside the house

11.0

8.1–13.9

9.4

8.3–10.4

Victoria (2)

2006

1 to under 13

No smoker

65.0

60.7–69.4

68.1

66.3–69.9

Regular smoker/s

35.0

30.6–39.3

31.9

30.1–33.6

 

 

(n = 652)

 

(n = 3,933)

 

Victoria (2)

2006

1 to under 13

Always or usually smoke outside the house

88.1

83.0–93.1

85.8

83.4–88.2

Sometimes smoke inside and sometimes smoke outside

9.4

4.8–14.1

10.0

8.1–11.8

Usually smoke inside and sometimes smoke outside

2.5

0.3–4.6

4.2

2.6–5.7

 

 

(n = 255)

 

(n = 1,287)

 

Western Australia (3)

2006–07

Under 16

My home is smoke-free

97.3

94.0–98.8

96.0

94.1–97.3

People occasionally smoke inside the house

2.2

0.9–5.6

2.0

1.2–3.3

People frequently smoke inside the house

0.5

0.2–1.7

2.0

1.1–3.7

 

 

(n = 127)

 

(n = 1,051)

 

South Australia (4)

2006–07

2–15

My home is smoke-free

92.5

87.9–95.5

95.2

93.8–96.3

People occasionally smoke inside the house

1.9

0.7–5.0

3.3

2.4–4.5

People frequently smoke inside the house

5.5

3.1–9.8

1.5

0.9–2.4

 

 

(n = 189)

 

(n = 1,087)

 

Note: CI = confidence interval.

Sources: (1) Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring (ACAM) analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) National Health Survey 2004–05 confidentialised unit record files; (2) Victorian Child Health Survey, Child Outcomes Monitoring, Statewide Outcomes for Children Branch, Office for Children, Department of Human Services; (3) Epidemiology Branch, Analysis and Performance Reporting Directorate, Department of Health, Government of Western Australia; (4) South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS), Population Research and Outcome Studies, Health Intelligence, Department of Health, Government of South Australia.

 

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© Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2008