Asthma in Australia 2008 

Table 8.2
Psychological component of quality of life, adults, 2000–2007

 

Results (rate; %)

Population (study)

Response

With asthma

95% CI

Without asthma

95% CI

Kessler-10 Psychological Distress Scale

Australia, 2004–05 (1)

Age 15 years and over

Low (<16)
Moderate (16–21)
High (22–29)
Very high (≥30)

50.2
27.5
14.3
8.0

(n = 2,050)

47.4–53.0
25.1–29.9
12.5–16.1
6.6–9.4

 

63.7
24.0
8.9
3.4

(n = 17,424)

62.8–64.6
23.2–24.8
8.3–9.5
3.1–3.7

New South Wales, 2005

Age 16 years and over (2)

Low (10–15.9)
Moderate (16–21.9)
High (22–29.9)
Very high (≥30)

57.4
20.7
14.2
7.7

(n = 1,301)

53.2–61.6

17.3–24.1

11.3–17.0

5.6–9.8

70.2
19.0
7.9
2.9

(n = 10,173)

68.8–71.6

17.8–20.3

7.1–8.7

2.4–3.4

 

Victoria, 2006 (3)

Age 18 years and over

Low (<16)
Moderate (16–21)
High (22–29)
Very high (≥30)

52.8
30.3
11.0
3.2

(n = 787)

47.8–57.9
25.6–35.1
8.1–13.8
1.9–4.4

64.8
21.4
7.4
2.8

(n = 6,713)

63.2–66.5
19.9–22.8
6.5–8.3
2.2–3.5

Victoria, 2003 (4)

Age 18 years and over

 

Low (<16)
Moderate (16–21)
High (22–29)
Very high (≥30)

53.6
26.9
11.7
5.6
(n = 877)

49.2–56.9
23.0–30.8
8.8–14.6
3.8–7.4

68.1
20.0
7.8
2.2
(n = 6,623)

66.5–69.7
18.6–21.4
6.8–8.8
1.8–2.6

Western Australia, 2004 (5)

Age 18 years and over

Low (<16)
Moderate (16–21)
High (22–29)
Very high (≥30)

57.3
23.9
11.3
7.7

(n = 399)

52.9–61.6
20.0–27.6
8.2–15.1
4.6–11.9

 

74.9
16.8
6.0
2.3

(n = 3,208)

73.6–76.3
15.6–17.9
5.2–6.7
1.8–2.8

South Australia, 2006–07 (6)

Age 16 years and over

Psychological distress

No psychological distress

17.6

82.4

(n = 761)

15.0–20.4

79.6–85.0

8.3

91.7

(n = 4,916)

7.5–9.1

90.9–92.5

South Australia, 2002–04 (7)

Age 16 years and over

Low/ mod (<21)
High/ very high (≥22)

84.7
15.6

(n = 1,433)

82.5–86.3
13.3–17.6

 

90.2
9.8

(n = 11,450)

89.6–90.8
9.2–10.4

Mental component summary (MCS) for SF-12

Western Australia, Northern Territory and South Australia, 2000 (8)

Age 18 years and over

MCS (mean score)

50.9

(n = 834)

47.6–54.4

52.2

(n = 6,609)

50.8–53.2

p < 0.05

 

Notes: The definitions for current asthma were: NSW Health Survey, SA Monitoring and Surveillance System and WA Health and Wellbeing Surveillance System: doctor diagnosis of asthma plus treatment or symptoms of asthma in the last 12 months; Victorian Population Health Survey: doctor diagnosis of asthma plus symptoms of asthma in the last 12 months; National Health Survey: ‘yes’ to the question ‘Have you ever been diagnosed by a doctor with asthma?’ and ‘yes’ to ‘Do you still have asthma?’

Sources: (1) Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring (ACAM) analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) National Health Survey 2004–05 confidentialised unit record files; (2) New South Wales Health Survey, Centre for Epidemiology and Research 2006; (3) Department of Human Services, Victorian Population Health Survey 2006 (unpublished data); (4) Department of Human Services, Victorian Population Health Survey 2003; (5) Health Information Centre, Department of Health, Government of Western Australia (Western Australia Health and Wellbeing Surveillance System, unpublished data); (6) South Australian Department of Health, South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS, unpublished data); (7) SAMSS, Avery et al. 2004; (8) WANTS Survey 2000; Adams et al. 2004b.

 

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© Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2008