Asthma in Australia 2008 

Table 2.7
Comorbidities among people with and without asthma, by Indigenous status, 2004–05

 

Indigenous Australians

Non-Indigenous Australians

Rate ratio Indigenous versus
non-Indigenous with asthma
(95% CI)

Comorbidity

Current asthma %
(95% CI)(a)

No
asthma %
(95% CI)(a)

Rate ratio asthma vs
no asthma
(95% CI)

Current asthma %
(95% CI)(a)

No
asthma %
(95% CI)(a)

Rate ratio asthma vs
no asthma
(95% CI)

Emphysema or bronchitis

12.5
(9.3–15.7)

3.5
(2.7–4.3)

3.6
(2.3–5.7)

10.0
(8.6–11.5)

2.2
(2.0–2.4)

4.6
(3.4–6.1)

1.2
(0.9–1.7)

Sinusitis or rhinitis

35.1
(29.4–40.9)

13.7
(12.0–15.5)

2.6
(2.0–3.3)

40.0
(36.9–43.1)

19.0
(18.3–19.7)

2.1
(1.9–2.4)

0.9
(0.7–1.0)

Other respiratory conditions (excluding asthma)

1.2
(0.6–1.8)

1.3
(0.9–1.7)

0.9
(0.5–1.6)

1.2
(0.7–1.8)

0.7
(0.6–0.8)

1.8
(1.0–3.2)

1.0
(0.5–1.8)

Heart, stroke, and
vascular disease

7.4
(4.9–9.9)

5.6
(4.0–7.2)

1.3
(0.8–2.1)

4.9
(3.9–5.8)

3.6
(3.3–3.9)

1.4
(1.1–1.7)

1.5
(1.0–2.4)

Diabetes and high sugar levels

14.5
(10.0–18.9)

12.2
(10.6–13.8)

1.2
(0.8–1.7)

4.8
(3.8–5.8)

3.5
(3.2–3.8)

1.4
(1.1–1.8)

3.0
(1.8–5.1)

Arthritis and osteoporosis

24.9
(19.5–30.4)

17.2
(14.6–19.7)

1.5
(1.1–1.9)

22.4
(20.2–24.7)

15.4
(14.9–15.9)

1.5
(1.3–1.6)

1.1
(0.9–1.4)

Mental and behavioural disorders

19.0
(15.8–22.1)

10.2
(8.9–11.4)

1.9
(1.5–2.4)

13.6
(12.0–15.3)

8.1
(7.6–8.5)

1.7
(1.4–2.0)

1.4
(1.1–1.7)

Cancer

2.2
(1.1–3.4)

1.1
(0.7–1.6)

2.0
(0.9–4.3)

3.3
(2.4–4.2)

1.8
(1.6–2.0)

1.9
(1.3–2.7)

0.7
(0.4–1.2)

(a) Age-standardised to the Australian population as at June 2001.

Note: CI = confidence interval.

Source: Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring (ACAM) analysis of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) and National Health Survey (NHS) 2004–05, expanded confidentialised unit record files, Remote Access Data Laboratory.

 

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© Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2008