Asthma in Australia 2005
Table of Contents | Chapter  1     3   4   5   6   7   8   9  | Appendix   1   2   | References |

 List of Figures

Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1.1 Prevalence of National Health Priority Area diseases, all ages, Australia, 2001
Chapter 2: Asthma in children
Figure 2.1 World ranking for the percentage of children with self-reported wheeze in the previous 12 month period, age 13 to 14 years
Figure 2.2 Prevalence of current asthma, by age group and sex, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 2001
Figure 2.3 Prevalence of current asthma, by age group and Indigenous status, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 2001
Figure 2.4 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by age group, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, April 1998 to March 2004
Figure 2.5 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by age group and sex, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 2.6 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by state and territory, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 2.7 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by age group and socioeconomic status, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 2.8 Emergency department visits for asthma per 100,000 population, by month and age group, children aged 0 to 18 years, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to December 2003
Figure 2.9 Average weekly deviation from average number of emergency department visits attributed to asthma, children aged 0 to 18 years, New South Wales and Victoria, 1999 to 2004
Figure 2.10 Monthly percentage of emergency department visits for asthma that were for severe asthma, children aged 0 to 18 years, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Figure 2.11 Monthly percentage of emergency department visits for asthma that resulted in admission to hospital, children aged 0 to 18 years, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Figure 2.12 Emergency department visits for asthma per 100 children with asthma, by age group and sex, children aged 0 to 18 years, New South Wales and Victoria, 1999–2004
Figure 2.13 Emergency department visits for asthma resulting in admission to hospital, by age group and sex, children aged 0 to 18 years, New South Wales and Victoria, 1999–2004
Figure 2.14 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 1996–2003
Figure 2.15 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and sex, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 2.16 Hospital separations for asthma per 100 children with asthma, by age group and sex, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 2.17 Relative frequency of length of stay for asthma, by age group, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 2.18 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by Indigenous status, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 2.19 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group, state and territory, children aged 0 to 18 years, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 2.20 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and English-speaking versus non-English-speaking background, children aged 5 to 18 years, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 2.21 Proportion with current asthma with a written asthma action plan (AAP), by age group and sex, children aged 2 to 18 years, Australia, 2001
Chapter 3: Prevalence
Figure 3.1 Prevalence of current asthma, adults, Australia, 1990–2004
Figure 3.2 Prevalence of current asthma, children aged 15 years and under, Australia, 1982–2003
Figure 3.3 World ranking for the percentage of adults with self-reported wheeze in previous 12 months, people aged 20 to 44 years
Figure 3.4 Prevalence of current asthma, by age and sex, Australia, 2001
Figure 3.5 Prevalence of current asthma, by state and territory, all ages, Australia, 2001
Figure 3.6 Prevalence of current asthma, by sex and remoteness, all ages, Australia, 2001
Figure 3.7 Prevalence of current asthma, by age group, sex, and Indigenous status, Australia, 2001
Figure 3.8 Prevalence of current asthma among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, by age group and remoteness, Australia, 2001
Figure 3.9 Prevalence of current asthma, by broad age group and English-speaking versus non-English-speaking background, Australia, 2001
Figure 3.10 Prevalence of current asthma, by sex and socioeconomic status, Australia, 2001
Chapter 4: Mortality
Figure 4.1
updated
Deaths due to asthma per 100,000 population, three year moving average, by sex, all ages and people aged 5 to 34 years, Australia, 1980–2003
Figure 4.2 Deaths due to asthma per 1,000 population, five year moving average, by year of death and age group, males aged 5 years and over, Australia, 1909–98
Figure 4.3 Deaths due to asthma per 1,000 population, five year moving average, by year of death and age group, females aged 5 years and over, Australia, 1909–98
Figure 4.4

World ranking of asthma mortality per 100,000 population, people aged 5 to 34 years

Figure 4.5 Deaths due to asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and sex, Australia, 1999–2003
Figure 4.6 Age distribution for asthma and all cause mortality, Australia, 1999–2003
Figure 4.7 Deaths due to asthma per 100,000 population, by state and territory, Australia, 1999–2003
Figure 4.8 Deaths due to asthma per 100,000 population, by remoteness, people aged 5 years and over, Australia, 1999–2003
Figure 4.9 Deaths due to asthma per 100,000 population, by sex and English-speaking versus non-English-speaking background, people aged 5 years and over, Australia, 1999–2003
Figure 4.10 Deaths due to asthma per 100,000 people with asthma, by English-speaking versus non-English-speaking background, people aged 5 years and over, Australia, 1999–2003
Figure 4.11 Deaths due to asthma per 100,000 population, by age group, sex and socioeconomic status, people aged 5 years and over, Australia, 1999–2003
Figure 4.12 Average monthly deviation from average number of deaths due to asthma, by broad age group, Australia, 1979–2003
Chapter 5: Use of health services
Figure 5.1 Types of health service use, with approximate number of episodes of care for asthma in one year and severity of asthma exacerbations
General practice encounters
Figure 5.2 General practice encounters for asthma per 100 population, by age group, Australia, 1998–2004
Figure 5.3 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by age group, Australia, 1998–2004
Figure 5.4 General practice encounters for asthma per 100 population, by age group and sex, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 5.5 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by age group and sex, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 5.6 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by state and territory, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 5.7 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by remoteness, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 5.8 Proportion of general practice encounters for asthma, by age group and socioeconomic status, Australia, April 2001 to March 2004
Figure 5.9 Number of Asthma 3+ Visit Plan PIP claims, all ages, Australia, November 2001 to December 2004
Figure 5.10 Asthma 3+ Visit Plan PIP claims per 100,000 population, by age group and sex, Australia, 2004
Figure 5.11 Asthma 3+ Visit Plan PIP claims per 1,000 people with asthma, Australia, 2004
Figure 5.12 Asthma 3+ Visit Plan PIP claims per 100,000 population, by state and territory, Australia, 2004
Hospital emergency department visits
Figure 5.13 Emergency department visits for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and month, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to December 2004
Figure 5.14 Emergency department visits for asthma per 100 people with asthma, by age group and sex, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Figure 5.15 Seasonal variation in emergency department visits for asthma, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Figure 5.16 Proportion of emergency department visits for asthma resulting in admission to hospital, by age group and sex, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Figure 5.17 Outcome status by triage category among people visiting emergency departments for asthma, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Figure 5.18 Proportion of all emergency department visits that are for asthma, by age group and socioeconomic status, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Figure 5.19 Proportion of emergency department visits for asthma that resulted in admission to hospital, by age group and socioeconomic status, New South Wales and Victoria, July 1999 to June 2004
Hospitalisations
Figure 5.20
updated
Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group, Australia, 1993–2005
Figure 5.21 Average length of stay for asthma, by age group, Australia, 1993–2004
Figure 5.22 Hospital patient days for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group, Australia, 1993–2004
Figure 5.23 Seasonal variation in hospital separation rates for asthma, by age group, Australia, 1993–2003
Figure 5.24 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and sex, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.25 Hospital separations for asthma per 100 people with asthma, by broad age group and sex, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.26 Relative frequency of length of stay for asthma, by broad age group, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.27 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group, state and territory, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.28 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and remoteness, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.29 Hospital patient days for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and remoteness, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.30 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and Indigenous status, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.31 Hospital patient days for asthma per 100,000 population, by age group and Indigenous status, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.32 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by broad age group and English-speaking versus non-English-speaking background, people aged 5 years and over, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.33 Hospital patient days for asthma per 100,000 population, by broad age group and English-speaking versus non-English-speaking background, people aged 5 years and over, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.34 Hospital separations for asthma per 100,000 population, by broad age group and socioeconomic status, Australia, 2002–03
Figure 5.35 Hospital patient days for asthma per 100,000 population, by broad age group and socioeconomic status, Australia, 2002–03
Invasive mechanical ventilation
Figure 5.36 Proportion of hospital separations for asthma with invasive mechanical ventilation, by age group, Australia, 1993–2002
Figure 5.37 Rate of hospital separations for asthma with invasive mechanical ventilation, by age group and sex, Australia, 1993–2002
Figure 5.38 Rate of hospital separations for asthma with invasive mechanical ventilation, by age group and English-speaking versus non-English-speaking background, Australia, 1995–2002
Figure 5.39 Rate of hospital separations for asthma with invasive mechanical ventilation, by age group and state and territory, Australia, 1995–2002
Re-attendances for asthma
Figure 5.40 Re-attendance rate for asthma within 28 days, all ages, New South Wales and Victoria, 2000–03
Figure 5.41 Re-attendance rate for asthma within 3 months, all ages, New South Wales and Victoria, 2000–03
Figure 5.42 Hospital re-admission rate for asthma within 28 days, by age group and sex, New South Wales and Victoria, 2000–03
Figure 5.43 Re-attendance rate for asthma within 28 days, by age group and sex, New South Wales and Victoria, 2000–03
Chapter 6: Management
Written asthma action plans
Figure 6.1 Possession of asthma action plans: adults with current asthma, Australia, 1990–2001
Figure 6.2 Possession of a written asthma action plan in people with current asthma, by broad age group and sex, Australia, 2001
Figure 6.3 Possession of a written asthma action plan in people with current asthma, by state and territory, all ages, Australia, 2001
Figure 6.4 Possession of a written asthma action plan in people with current asthma, by remoteness, all ages, Australia, 2001
Figure 6.5 Possession of a written asthma action plan in people with current asthma, by socioeconomic status, all ages, Australia, 2001
Medication use
Figure 6.6

Respiratory medications (a) supplied by wholesalers and manufacturers and (b) reimbursed prescriptions, by defined daily dose (DDD) per 1,000 persons per day, Australia, 1996–2004

Figure 6.7 Delivery devices supplied by wholesalers for the administration of short-acting beta agonist and anticholinergic medication, by defined daily dose (DDD) per 1,000 persons per day, Australia, 1996–2004
Figure 6.8 Inhaled corticosteroids supplied by wholesalers separately or as part of combined therapy, by defined daily dose (DDD) per 1,000 persons per day, Australia, 1996–2004
Figure 6.9 Relative potency of inhaled corticosteroids supplied by wholesalers separately or as part of combined therapy, by defined daily dose (DDD) per 1,000 persons per day, Australia, 1996–2004
Figure 6.10 Use of asthma medication in the last 2 weeks in people with current asthma, by broad age group and type of medication, people aged 5 years and over, Australia, 2001
Spirometry
Figure 6.11 Claims for the performance of spirometry and complex lung function tests which included spirometry per 100,000 population, all ages, Australia, 1994–2004
Figure 6.12 Claims for the performance of spirometry and complex lung function tests which included spirometry per 100,000 population, people aged 5 to 34 years, Australia, 1994–2004
Figure 6.13 Total claims for the performance of spirometry and complex lung function tests which included spirometry per 100,000 population, by age group and sex, Australia, 2002–04
Figure 6.14 Claims for the performance of spirometry and complex lung function tests which included spirometry per 100,000 population, by state and territory and type, Australia, 2002–04
Figure 6.15 Claims for the performance of spirometry per 100,000 Medicare claims, by socioeconomic status, Australia, 2002–04
Chapter 7: Smoking
People with asthma who smoke
Figure 7.1 Smoking status among people with current asthma, by age group and sex, people aged 18 years and over, Australia, 2001
Figure 7.2 The proportion of current smokers and ex-smokers in people with and without asthma, by socioeconomic status, people aged 18 years and over, Australia, 2001
Figure 7.3 Proportion of people who are current smokers in people with and without asthma, by broad age group, sex and socioeconomic status, people aged 18 years and over, Australia, 2001
Passive smoke exposure in children with asthma
Figure 7.4 Percentage of children with and without current asthma with one or more cigarette smokers in the household, by age group and sex, age 0 to 14 years, Australia, 2001
Figure 7.5 Children with and without current asthma with one or more cigarette smokers in the household, by socioeconomic status, age 0 to 14 years, Australia, 2001
Chapter 8: Quality of life and markers of asthma control
Figure 8.1 Self-assessed health status in adults with and without current asthma, by broad age group and sex, people aged 15 years and over, Australia, 2001
Figure 8.2 SF-36 scores in people with and without asthma, people aged 15 years and over, South Australia, 1998
Figure 8.3 Action taken in last 2 weeks for asthma, by sex, all ages, Australia, 2001
Figure 8.4 Action taken in last 2 weeks for any reason, people with and without current asthma, by sex, all ages, Australia, 2001
Chapter 9: Expenditure
Figure 9.1 Expenditure on asthma per capita, by age group and sex, Australia, 2000–01
Figure 9.2 Proportion of total health expenditure attributed to asthma, by age group and sex, Australia, 2000–01
Figure 9.3 Distribution of expenditure on asthma and total health expenditure among health sectors, Australia, 2000–01
Figure 9.4 Proportions of expenditure on asthma in each age group, by health sector, Australia, 2000–01
Figure 9.5 Expenditure on asthma, by health sector and age group, Australia, 2000–01
Figure 9.6 Change in per capita health expenditure, total and for asthma, by health sector, Australia, 1993–94 to 2000–01
Figure 9.7 Change in per capita expenditure on asthma, by age group and health sector, Australia, 1993–94 to 2000–01
Appendix 1
Figure A1.1 Point estimates and 95% confidence intervals